Over the course of the novels, there are various conflicts between the TNCs, who have their own armed security forces, supported by various countries on Earth rather than the other way around! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
Following his work at Clarion, Robinson began to write his own stories, publishing his first in Over the next couple of years, he continued to publish fiction in anthologies such as Orbit , Universe , and in publications such as the Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. He returned to California and his alma mater, graduating with his Ph. Dick for his thesis. Later that year, he married Lisa Howland Nowell, an environmental chemist, and found work teaching at the University of California at Davis before the pair became parents. When children came along, Robinson left academia to become a stay-at-home dad, where he began to use his time to write.
The series editor, Terry Carr, had published some of Robinson's short fiction, and brought him in on the series, along with authors such as Lucius Shepard and William Gibson. The novel followed the survivors of a nuclear war that reset society in an agricultural setting. Robinson published his second novel, Icehenge , the same year, also published by Ace Books , which foreshadowed his later, better known novels.
The three storylines of the book follow a failed political revolution on Mars, the discovery of an artifact on Pluto to a space station orbiting Saturn.
The novel, composed of some of Robinson's earlier short work, was partially inspired by imagery transmitted back to Earth by the Voyager probe. Over the remainder of the s, Robins on published a number of stories in places such as Isaac Asimov's Science Fiction Magazine , The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction , Omni , Interzone and anthologies, all while continuing to publish novels.
It is Robinson's novel, Red Mars , for which he is possibly best known. The novel was first published by HarperCollins in the U. The book was the start to an ambitious saga about the colonization of Mars.
Sax, alias Stephen, eventually becomes romantically involved with Phyllis, who had survived the events of from the end of the first novel, but she discovers his true identity and has him arrested. But despite these ambitious goals, there are some who would fight to the death to prevent Mars from ever being changed. And massive tunnels drilled into the mantle will create stupendous vents of hot gases. Robinson began to write his Mars book in , and "quickly realized that it was going to be a very long book, and my agent and editor of that time said to me 'Stan, we call that a trilogy'; and so I shifted the title from Green Mars , which was my idea for the title of the whole book, to Red , Green and Blue Mars. Views Read Edit View history.
Taking place in , a hundred scientists are on their way to the Red Planet to establish a human colony. Robinson was first inspired by images sent back to Earth from the Viking program: "I knew when I saw the photos from the Viking Orbiter, which included stereoscopic 3-D photo pairs where you could see what the landscape might look like, somewhat like early primitive versions of Google Earth. These were NASA publications that came out in the late s. I spent about ten years thinking about that and collecting research materials.
Mars has long been a destination for science fiction authors: famously the home of Wells' Martian invaders , the Red Planet became the mystical home for stories from Edgar Rice Burroughs , C. Moore and Ray Bradbury. The first robotic probes to reach the planet, that small red dot in the sky, transmitted back a bleak, cold and rocky environment.
As we learned more about the planet, the dry world written about by authors such as Bradbury and Clarke proved to be the real case as opposed to the fantastical versions portrayed earlier.
Now, Robinson had the advantage of new scholarship to put to work. Robinson began to write his Mars book in , and "quickly realized that it was going to be a very long book, and my agent and editor of that time said to me 'Stan, we call that a trilogy'; and so I shifted the title from Green Mars , which was my idea for the title of the whole book, to Red , Green and Blue Mars. Adam Roberts, in his History of Science Fiction , noted that the books are "realised with such precision, such verisimilitude, as well as with such aesthetic panache, that it creates a powerfully believable whole.
In , the University of Arizona released an anthology of scientific literature called Mars , providing him with additional information to include in the next two books: "It looked like I saved the good things for later in the trilogy but I actually learned them while writing and did not know them before, so that was a nice thing to have happen.
Green Mars was again first published in the U.
Picking up decades after the first novel, Robinson continued to explore the lives of the original colonists and the social and political changes that impacted the Martian colonies, all while the terraforming project continued to transform the surface of the planet and Earth faced its own crises. The novel won the Hugo Award for Best novel and took the top spot for the Locus Award in the same category.
Blue Mars concluded the trilogy in The novel examines the long term impact of colonization and terr aformation, picking up after Earth faces several climate disasters, and looks at Mars' role in leading the way for further human colonization into the solar system, covering the next century of human history in the process.
In the years after the completion of his Mars trilogy, Robinson continued to write and explore similar themes, publishing Antarctica in , and a collection of short Mars stories in titled The Martians , which touched on some of the stories explored in his trilogy. A new trilogy written between and examined the impact of climate change, and, in , he returned to the themes of terraforming and colonization with his epic novel , which explored a broad, solar-system wide society on a number of outposts from Mercury to the outer planets.
When asked about the similarities in theme, Robinson noted that he had "been thinking for a long time, since Icehenge and The Memory of Whiteness , books from the early s and early s, that the solar system is our neighborhood, so to speak. We can reach it, move around in it, establish scientific stations on various planets and moons in it. It's a resource, and a place to learn things about how to live on Earth.
Earth will always remain our home and our main place. It might be best to think of the solar system in the way we think of Antarctica. It's there, it's interesting and beautiful, it can help us learn how to live; it can never be our main place. Robinson's works have placed him at the forefront of the science fiction genre: Tim Kreider, writing for the New Yorker , opined that "Kim Stanley Robinson is generally acknowledged as one of the greatest living science-fiction writers He is also, for my money, one of the most important political writers working in American today.
As we as a planet are forced to face the legacy of our lifestyle, we will have to confront the nature of the systems we've set up to live as we do, and find new ways to exist on the one place we know where humans can comfortably live—for now. The works of Kim Stanley Robinson are poised to reach a wider audience as they continue to become more relevant. In May , Robinson's next space opera novel, Aurora , will be published, which will examine the lives of the inhabitants of a generation ship about to reach its destination. Undoubtedly, it will only add to his optimistic vision for humanity's future.